A Beginner’s Guide to Satellite IoT


With the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT), it has become possible to build a network of interconnected physical devices to gather and exchange information.

A major breakthrough in technological progress is the revolutionary advancement of Satellite IoT. Satellite IoT overcomes the limitations of terrestrial networks and extends connectivity.

To boost the traditional IoT’s potential, Satellite IoT depends on communication protocols, such as cellular networks, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi. People from rural or remote areas can benefit from the applications of satellite IoT, including maritime navigation and live agriculture monitoring in remote areas. In places where there are limited land-based infrastructures, satellite IoT can become very useful.

Understanding Satellite IoT

The Internet of Things introduces the idea that we can connect our daily devices to the Internet. Therefore, IoT has transformed our ordinary devices into smart devices. Home automation devices, including advanced lighting systems and smart thermostats. The development of industrial IoT has fostered the growth of IoT by developing IoT for industrial uses. Now, plenty of manufacturing equipment involves sensors to monitor environmental conditions.

At one time, the demand for data-driven analysis and insights started to grow rapidly. On the other hand, various significant developments happened in wireless technologies. These two factors contributed to the growth of the IoT market significantly.

The latest integration of satellite connectivity to IoT devices has implicitly revolutionized global communication by extending connectivity. Earlier, terrestrial networks, such as Wi-Fi and cellular used to provide IoT with connectivity. The major limitation of the terrestrial networks is the coverage gap since this connectivity does not work properly in remote areas. Whereas satellite connectivity covers a wide range of areas. Even if the environment is quite challenging, you can rely on satellite connectivity more than terrestrial connectivity.

The Key Features of Satellite IoT

There are various differences between the traditional IoT connectivity and Satellite IoT connectivity. Some crucial advantages of satellite IoT over traditional IoT are reliable and spontaneous communication in rural and remote areas, global reach, and specialized spectrum consideration.

  • Satellite IoT connectivity offers extended coverage. It has truly expanded the IoT network’s reach.
  • Satellite IoT devices consume less power.
  • Satellite technology offers an affordable solution for a long list of IoT devices.

Different Types of Satellite IoT Networks

There are three types of satellite networks, such as Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), and Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Each type of satellite network offers a unique set of connectivity advantages and has a crucial role in the functioning of the Internet of Things.

GEO satellites have a great application in communication services, broadcasting, and wider IoT coverages, whereas, MEO satellites are ideal for aviation tracking and maritime. LEO satellite IoTs are useful for disaster management and autonomous communication in vehicles.

Satellite IoT connectivity improves the reliability and security of IoT networks. Above all, satellite IoT networks are efficient in overcoming the limitations of terrestrial IoT and extending global reach. Hopefully, we can witness more advanced applications of satellite IoT in the future.