Can You Sue a Trucking Company for an Accident Caused by Their Driver?


Accidents involving commercial trucks can have devastating consequences, leading to severe injuries, property damage, and even loss of life. When such accidents occur, you may wonder about your legal options and whether you can hold the trucking company accountable for the actions of their drivers.

Well, pursuing legal action against a trucking company can have multiple parties involved, plus there is that complex interplay of state and federal regulations. For example, Lafayette, Indiana follows a comparative fault system, meaning each party involved may share a percentage of responsibility making. If you are dealing with a trucking accident and you are perhaps wondering about the liability that may arise particularly concerning the responsibility of the trucking company.

This article is here to answer this. We will guide you through the factors involved and the legal implications of holding trucking companies accountable for their drivers’ actions:

Establishing Liability

The first and certainly the most important step that you need to take is determining who is liable for the trucking accident. This may involve a thorough investigation to identify the root cause and responsible parties. In many cases, the truck driver may be at fault due to factors such as fatigue, distracted driving, or impaired driving.

However, it’s crucial that you examine the role of the trucking company in these incidents. Below are some of the instances to look for when suing a trucking company for an accident caused by their driver:

Employee Relationship

If the truck driver is an employee of the trucking company, the legal principle of respondeat superior may come into play. This doctrine holds employers responsible for the actions of their employees while performing job-related duties.

Therefore, if the truck driver was acting within the scope of their employment when the accident occurred, the trucking company could be held liable.

Independent Contractor Status

It is critical that you understand that in some cases, trucking companies classify drivers as independent contractors rather than employees. If the driver is an independent contractor, the company may not be directly liable for the driver’s actions.

However, exceptions exist, and the level of control exerted by the company over the driver’s work can impact liability.

Negligent Hiring and Supervision

Regardless of the employment relationship, you may hold a trucking company responsible if it can be proven that they failed to exercise reasonable care in hiring, training, or supervising their drivers.

For example, if the company knowingly hires a driver with a history of safety violations or negligence, they may be held liable for negligent hiring.

Maintenance and Inspection

In addition, trucking companies are also responsible for the proper maintenance and inspection of their vehicles. If an accident is caused by a mechanical failure that could have been prevented with regular maintenance, the company may be held liable for negligence in maintaining its fleet.

Consultation with an Attorney

It is imperative that you seek legal advice from an experienced truck accident lawyer. Truck accident cases involve specific laws and regulations that often differ from those governing regular car accidents. This is why having a well-experienced Truck Accident Lawyer who specializes in this area of law will go a long way in getting you the compensation you deserve.

A good truck accident attorney will have in-depth knowledge of the regulations and industry standards that apply to commercial trucks in your area. They can assess the details of your case and provide guidance on the best course of action against the parties involved in the incident

Initiating a Lawsuit

Remember, to successfully sue a trucking company for an accident caused by their driver, you as the plaintiff (the injured party) typically need to establish that the driver’s negligence played a significant role in the accident. Negligence involves breaching a duty of care owed to others, resulting in harm or damages.

If you believe a trucking company is liable for an accident, taking legal action may be an option. Here are the general steps to consider:

Filing a Lawsuit

Now, before pursuing a lawsuit, you may engage with the other parties in negotiation or mediation to reach a settlement. Your attorney can help you navigate these discussions to ensure your rights are protected.

If a fair settlement cannot be reached, your attorney may help you file a lawsuit against the trucking company. The lawsuit will outline the legal basis for your claim and seek compensation for damages.


This is just a snapshot of your legal options against a trucking driver for an accident caused by their driver. Again, the best way to handle the situation is to work with a good lawyer given that determining who is at fault can be challenging in such a scenario. These types of cases might have multiple parties that may share responsibility, including the truck driver, the trucking company, the vehicle manufacturer, or even third-party contractors. Remember also to be mindful of the statute of limitations, which sets a time limit within which you can file a lawsuit. Any delay in taking action will end up hiring your case!